Identifying Cities, Towns, and Shtetls

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Cohen, Chester. Shtetl Finder. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1989. (TE)
Lists 1,200 Jewish communities in the 19th and early 20th centuries in the Pale of Settlement of Russia, and Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Galicia and Bukovina.

 

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Mokotoff, Gary and Sack, Sallyann Amdur. Where Once We Walked: A Guide to the Jewish Communities Destroyed in the Holocaust. Rev. ed.
Bergenfield: NJ, Avotaynu, 2002.  (AJHS, TE)
Identifies 23,500 towns in Central and Eastern Europe where Jews lived before the Holocaust with alternate names, latitude/longitude, and Jewish population before the Holocaust.

encyclopedia

Spector, Shmuel. The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust
New York, NY: New York University Press, 2001. 3 vols. (AJHS, TE)
An alphabetical listing of Jewish communities that thrived during the early part of the 20th century and synopsis of its history and people.